The morphology (/mɔːrˈfɒlədʒi/) is the study of words, how they are formed, and their relationship to other words in the same language.
It analyzes the structure of words and parts of words, such as stems, root words, prefixes, and suffixes. The morphology also looks at parts of speech, intonation and stress, and the ways context can change a word pronunciation and meaning.
The morphology differs from morphological
typology, which is the classification of languages based on their use of
words, and lexicology, which is the study of words and how they make up
a language vocabulary.